Jun 02

What is FOB Destination? Meaning, Terms, Who Pays?


In this type of agreement, the buyer assumes full responsibility for the goods after the seller delivers them to the carrier. However, even with the standardization, international trade is still a complicated process, especially when you consider that trade laws are often very different from country to country. To that end, many companies establish contracts between their organization and their customers, which can help streamline the process of shipping goods internationally. Free on Board is a shipment term indicating the point at which a buyer or seller assumes ownership and liability for goods being transported. The buyer is not responsible for the goods during transit; therefore, the buyer often is not responsible for paying for shipping costs.

  • We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate.
  • A starting dropshipper should consider the needs of the business and match them to the features affordable accounting software can provide.
  • Freight shipping has been a fundamental part of the global economy.
  • Or, the responsibility can transfer to the buyer once he or she receives the goods if there is a FOB Destination agreement in place.
  • In Free on Board, the risk transfer occurs when the seller loads the goods onto the vessel.
  • The risk transfer is relatively similar for both Incoterms, with CIF stating that the risk transfer occurs when the goods are loaded on the shipping vessel bound to the destination port.
  • However, the seller may charge the buyer for these transportation costs.

It also serves the accounting department, which must record the sale and transfer of inventory. The buyer should record the purchase, the account payable, and the increase in its inventory as of December 30 . Since the goods on the truck belong to the buyer, the buyer should pay the shipping costs. These shipping costs will be an additional cost of the goods purchased. From a practical perspective, recognition of receipt is instead completed at the receiving dock of the buyer. Thus, the sale is recorded when the shipment leaves the seller’s facility, and the receipt is recorded when it arrives at the buyer’s facility. This means there is a difference between the legal terms of the arrangement and the typical accounting for it.

The UCC & Risk of Loss

Highlight the differences in the closing process when using the periodic inventory system rather than the perpetual inventory system. Trudel estimates that approximately $6,000 of merchandise sold will be returned with a cost of $1,200. 16 Purchased inventory of $3,500 on account from Southboro Diamonds, a jewelry importer. 8 Straight Shot received payment from the customer on the amount due from August 1, less the discount.

Is freight in paid by the buyer?

The purchaser's responsibility is to pay for the freight and all related costs till it reaches his premises or the required location. As soon as the goods are shipped from their origin, their ownership and responsibility shift to the purchaser.

Alternatively, FOB destination places the burden of delivery on the seller. The seller maintains ownership of the goods until they are delivered. Cost, Insurance, Freight puts the liability of payment for – you guessed it – cost, insurance, and freight on the supplier. Upon delivery of the goods to the destination, the title for the goods transfers from the supplier to the buyer. With FOB shipping point, ownership of goods is transferred to the buyer once they leave the supplier’s shipping point.

What is FOB Shipping? Understanding FOB Shipping Point vs. Destination

As logic would denote, the further away you’re shipping your freight, the more complicated the process becomes. Under the FOB shipping point terms, the buyer pays the shipping cost from the factory and becomes responsible for the goods in case of any damages during the shipment. The FOB shipping point means the buyer is responsible for the products they ordered once the seller ships the items.

destination agreement

FOB destination, or FOB destination point, means that the seller is at risk to pay for the damage until the buyer receives the products. The seller selects the freight carrier and is responsible for shipping the goods to the final destination point. Imagine the same situation as above except the terms of the agreement called for FOB destination. Instead of ownership transferring at the shipping point, the manufacturer retains ownership of the equipment until it is delivered to the buyer.

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

fob shipping point shipping point means that the freight expenses are paid by the… FOB shipping point is a point where all, the freight cost or transportation cost is paid by the seller and not the buyers. The buyer is responsible for the cost such as transportation cost, customs clearance, and taxes are when the goods are on the ship. The purchased pays the freight costs and is responsible for damages. The point of FOB shipping point terms is to transfer the title to the goods to the buyer at the shipping point.

What is the difference between FOB shipping point and ex works?

What Do EXW and FOB Stand for? EXW stands for Ex Works, an incoterm whereby the buyer of a shipped product pays for the goods when they are delivered to a specified location. FOB, or Free on Board, instead shifts the responsibility of the goods to the buyer as soon as they are loaded onboard the ship.

Ownership of a cargo is independent of Incoterms, which relate to delivery and risk. In international trade, ownership of the cargo is defined by the contract of sale and the bill of lading or waybill. After reaching the destination, the buyer assumes ownership and adds the goods to its inventory. The process ensures the goods are accounted for while in transit; otherwise, they enter a gray area of ownership.

What Is FOB Shipping Point? Definition and Guide

Of the 11 different incoterms that are currently used in international freight, Free on Board is the one that you will encounter most frequently. The alternative terms for recording the sale in the records fall under FOB shipping point, which indicates that the sale is recorded when the seller ships the goods. This means that goods in transit should be reported as inventory by the seller since technically the sale doesn’t occur until the goods reach the destination. The FOB destination outlines terms indicating that the seller will incur the delivery expense to get the goods to the destination. Jun. 20 Purchased inventory of $5,100 on account from Sanders Diamonds, a jewelry importer.


Projects the amount of cargo transport that will increase each year at around 1.4% until 2045,” According to data from the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics .

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Puedes utilizar las siguientes etiquetas y atributos HTML: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>